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Author Archives: mariahbray

Hedgehogs

Hedgehogs are mammals and have been around for millions of years. These types of animals live through most of Africa and Southern Europe. They are insectivores, but they will eat a variety of different animal food and plants. They are nocturnal and spend the day sleeping and become active at night time. Their biggest trait are their quills. Quills are sharp, hollow hairs that are used as a defense. When they are frightened they curl up into a ball with its quills extended. Their quills are white with brown and they act as camouflage. The African pygmy hedgehog is the most common hedgehog that gets sold for a pet. It grows to around 6-9 inches long. Four to six years is the life span, but some can live up to ten years. Hedgehogs require a large cage even though its small. Some hedgehogs need to be outside of its cage so they can explore and run around.

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Posted by on May 13, 2014 in News

 

Bobcats

The Bobcat is the most common in North America. Its name for its short, bobbed tail. Their coats vary in color from beige to brown with spots or lined markings. Their height is 17-23 inches; length is 25-41 inches; weight 16-28lbs (males) and females are 10-18 lbs. Lifespan is 12-13 years. Bobcats mainly hunt for rabbits and hares. They are also known to eat rodents, birds, bats and even adult deer. If there is a ranch near by they will eat baby lambs and young pigs. There are 725,000 to 1,020,000 bobcats that remain in the wild today. They are found throughout most of North America, Northern Mexico, and Southern Canada. In the 1900s the population decreased because the value of their fur. In 1970 international laws began to protect bobcats. Their habitat varies widely from forests and mountainous areas to semi-deserts. They are excellent hunters, stalking and capturing their prey. Each bobcat may have several dens, one main one and several other ones in their territory.

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Posted by on May 8, 2014 in News

 

Gray Wolf

The wolf is the largest member of the canine family. They range in color from gray or black to all-white. Their height is 26-32 inches at the shoulder.  Length 4.5-6.5 feet from nose to tip of tail. Their weight 55-130 lbs males are heavier and taller than females. Their lifespan is 7-8 years in the wild but some have lived to be 10 years or more.

Diet: They eat ungulates or large hoofed mammals, like elk, deer, moose and caribou. They are also known to eat beaver, rabbits, and other small prey.

Population: There are an estimated 7,000 to 11,200 wolves in Alaska and more than 5,000 in the lower 48 states. Around the world there at 200,000 in 57 countries.

Range: Wolves were common throughout all of North America but were killed in most areas of the United States by the 1930’s. Yellowstone National Park is one of the most favored places to see and hear wolves in the habitat.

Behavior: They hunt in packs of 4-7 animals on average. Packs include the mother, father, and their pups.

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Posted by on May 1, 2014 in News

 

Grizzly Bears

Grizzly Bears are known as majestic symbols of the wild. They have concave faces, a hump on their shoulder, and long claws that are about two to four inches long. Their length is 6-7 feet and 3-3 1/2 feet at the shoulders in height. Adult males weigh 300-850 lbs; females 200-450 lbs. Their top speed is 35 mph and lifespan is 20-25 years. They are often dark brown, but can vary from very light cream to black. Grizzly bears are omnivores and their diet can vary widely. They may eat seeds, berries, roots, grasses, fungi, deer, elk, fish, dead animals, and insects. There were around 50,000 grizzly bears in North America. Today there are an estimated 1,800 grizzly bears remaining in five populations in the lower 48 states. In North America, grizzly bears are found in western Canada, Alaska, Wyoming, Montana, Idaho, and a small population in Washington. Mother bears rear cubs for two-three years. Males do not help raise the cubs. Males are a danger to the cubs so females often avoid male grizzly bears while raising cubs.

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Posted by on April 24, 2014 in News

 

Arctic Foxes

The Arctic Fox has deep thick fur the allows them to maintain a consistent body temperature. They also have thick fur on their paws which allows them to walk on both ice and snow.

Size: 2.3-3.5 feet in length and 12-inch tail. They stand around 9-12 inches tall.

Weight: 6.5-21 lbs. Females are smaller than males.

Lifespan: Around 3-6 years.

Diet: Lemmings are the staple food for Arctic Foxes. They will eat anything that is available out on the frozen tundra. They will even eat left overs that were left from other predators.

Populations: The Arctic Foxes population range in the hundred thousands.

Range: They Arctic Fox is found in the entire Arctic tundra, through Alaska, Canada, Greenland, Russia, Norway, Scandinavia and Iceland. It is the only native land mammal.

Behavior: Arctic Foxes have incredible hearing. They have wide front-facing ears which allow them to locate the precise position of the prey beneath the snow. When it hears the prey it jumps and breaks through the snow with its mouth and catches the prey.

Reproduction: Litters are usually 5-9 pups. They mate for life and both mother and father raise the pups.

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Posted by on April 17, 2014 in News

 

Zebras

Zebras are closely related to horses and donkeys. The Zebra is best known for its black and white striped body. Their stripes are made to be camouflage devices that help them hide in the grass. Zebras are herbivorous and primarily eat variety of grasses. They also eat twigs, leaves, and bark. Plains zebras number around 750,000. There are about 2,500 remaining today and are found in Eastern Africa.There are 600-700 cape mountain zebras and around 800-1300 Hartmann’s mountain zebras. Zebras are very social animals and live in large groups called “harems.” Sometimes herds come together to form temporary groups of up to 30 members. If they see a predator they will bark or make a whinny sound to warn other zebras. Their mating season is year round based on the species. The foals are born with brown and white stripes. The biggest threats for zebras are habitat loss due to ranching and farming and competition for water, and they also get hunted for their skin.

http://www.defenders.org/zebra/basic-facts

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Posted by on April 10, 2014 in News

 

Black-Footed Ferret

The endangered black-footed ferret is a member of the weasel family. The black-footed ferret has a tan body with black legs and feet, black mask, and black on the tip of its tail. It has front paws and claws used for digging.  They grow up to 6 inches in height and 18-24 inches in length. They weigh 1.5-2.5 lbs. Males are larger than the females.  Prairie dogs make up more than 90% of the black-footed ferret’s diet. The ferret may eat more than 100 prairie dogs in one year. They also eat ground squirrels, small rodents, rabbits and birds. By 1986 only 18 black-footed ferrets remained. Today, there are 500 black-footed ferrets in wild and another 300 living in breeding facilities. Black-footed ferrets spend about 90% of their time underground, where they sleep, eat and raise their young. They are also nocturnal and leave their homes to hunt at night. The babies are born blind and helpless and stay underground until they are 2 months old. By October the young are completely independent and go to their own territories.

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Posted by on April 3, 2014 in News