06 Mar

Monkey’s are a large and varied group of mammals of the primate order. The word monkey includes all primates that do not belong to the categories human, or ape. Monkeys have certain common features. All are excellent climbers, and most are primarily arboreal. Almost all live in tropical or subtropical climates. Unlike most of the prosimians, or lower primates, they are all day-active animals. Their faces are usually flat and rather human in appearance, while their eyes point forward, and they have stereoscopic color vision. Their hands and feet are highly developed for grasping; the big toes and the thumbs are opposable. Almost all have flat nails. Monkeys sit in an erect posture. Unlike the apes, most cannot swing arm-over-arm besides the spider monkey. They move in trees by running along the branches on all fours and their skeletal structure is similar to that of other four-footed animals. Monkeys live in troops of up to several hundred individuals and travel in search of food, having no permanent shelter. As in apes and humans, the female has a monthly reproductive cycle, and mating can occur at any time. In some species mating is seasonal. Usually only one infant is born at a time and  it is cared for by the mother for a long period. There are two large groups of monkeys: Old World monkeys (Cercopithecoidea) and New World monkeys (Ceboidea).
Read more: monkey: Introduction |


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